Introduction | Node.Js | Coding

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment that executes JavaScript code outside of a browser.

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Node.js is an open-sourcecross-platform JavaScript run-time environment that executes JavaScript code outside of a browser. Historically, JavaScript was used primarily for client-side scripting, in which scripts written in JavaScript are embedded in a webpage's HTML and run client-side by a JavaScript engine in the user's web browser. Node.js lets developers use JavaScript to write Command Line tools and for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user's web browser. Consequently, Node.js represents a "JavaScript everywhere" paradigm,[5] unifying web application development around a single programming language, rather than different languages for server side and client side scripts.

 

Though .js is the conventional filename extension for JavaScript code, the name "Node.js" does not refer to a particular file in this context and is merely the name of the product. Node.js has an event-driven architecture capable of asynchronous I/O. These design choices aim to optimize throughput and scalability in web applications with many input/output operations, as well as for real-time Web applications (e.g., real-time communication programs and browser games).[6]

The Node.js distributed development project, governed by the Node.js Foundation,[7] is facilitated by the Linux Foundation's Collaborative Projects program.[8]

Corporate users of Node.js software include GoDaddy,[9]Groupon,[10]IBM,[11]LinkedIn,[12][13]Microsoft,[14][15]Netflix,[16]PayPal,[17][18]RakutenSAPTuenti,[19]Voxer,[20]Walmart,[21] and Yahoo!.[22]